LITTERATURE ETRANGERE EN LANGUE ETRANGERE-ANGLAIS

BILAN THEMATIQUES -DOSSIER BAC

  • Meeting the other, love and friendship: the couple, the double .

Problématiques possibles:

How do these extracts from drama highlight love and friendship but also failed encounter and the different relationships between human beings?

How do thesedocuments highlight the theme? /To what extent can we say that these extracts illustrate the theme?

In what way do these documents represent the theme of meeting the other, love and friendship, the couple, the double ?

Documents.

-Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare: Act 2scene 2: the balcony scene

-West Side Story ( musical L.Bernstein): Tonight

-A Midsummer Night’s Dream. William Shakespeare

Act 1 scene 1

Act 1 scene 2

Act 2 scene 1

Act 2 scene 2

Act 3

Act 5 scene 1

  • The world of imagination

Problématiques possibles:

How can madness transform reality?

To what extent do these documents illustrate the theme of madness?

"How can gothic novels be interpreted in their period and how are they reinvented throughout the centuries?"

From fear to madness through the bizarre

From sorrow to madness or « the dark subcontinent of human nature or the enemy within »

The eyes mirror of the soul and of madness

Documents.

The Landlady.Roald Dahl

The Open Window.Saki

The Tell-Tale Heart. Edgar Allan Poe

Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus. Mary Shelley: Chapter 5 ( the monster’s creation)

The Fifth child. Doris Lessing: P.58 à 64

  • The writer in his century

Problématiques possibles:

How does Oscar Wilde's novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray” reflect or depict the Victorian society?"

To what extent can we say that Oscar Wilde criticize the London society and the Victorian period in his novel?

How does the theme of the double appear in the novel and reflect the corrupted society of the time?

Documents.

The Picture of Dorian Gray. Oscar Wilde

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 4

Chapter 13

Chapter 20

The Characters And Their Transformation / Characters: From Evolution to Metamorphosis.

Problématiques possibles:

How does Dorian Gray embodythe notion of the double or “doppelganger”

Documents.

The Picture of Dorian Gray. Oscar Wilde

Chapter 2

Chapter 13

Chapter 20


The I of the writer and the writer’s Eye

Problématique possible:

How does Maya Angelou overcome adversity? How do other characters or peoplesuch as Nelson Mandela overcome adversity?

Documents.

Poems

Sympathy

Still I rise

I know why the caged bird sings

I know why the caged bird sings:

Chapters 1 & 2

Chapter 9

Chapters 11,12,13,14

+….

The Long Walk to freedom. Nelson Mandela: extracts from his autobiography

Conversations with Myself . Nelson Mandela: extracts

THE I OF THE WRITER AND THE WRITER'S GAME

Through

MAYA ANGELOU

NELSON MANDELA

OVERVIEW AND QUESTIONS

Maya Angelou’s autobiography is an excellent vehicle for exploring how people overcome adversity. And because they often are facing similar problems, high school students empathize with the young Maya as she struggles to survive in a hostile environment. Further, the autobiography is an excellent segue into human rights issues.

How do people overcome adversity?

Related questions

  • How does Maya Angelou overcome adversity?
  • How do other characters overcome adversity?
  • Why kinds of adversity do people sometimes cause for themselves?
  • What kinds of adversity are the results of forces outside their control? 

THE WRITER IN HIS CENTURY

THE CHARACTERS AND THEIR REPRESENTATIONS

OSCAR WILDE

Le personnage, ses figures et ses avatars/Characters and their representations

Pistes :

- héros mythiques ou légendaires, figures emblématiques ;

- héros et anti-héros, la disparition du personnage.

L'écrivain dans son siècle/The writer in his century

Pistes :

- roman social, roman policier, la littérature de guerre et d'après guerre, l'essai, le pamphlet,

la satire ;

- le débat d'idées, l'engagement et la résistance, la transgression, la dérision, l'humour.

THE GENERAL BACKGROUND.

I-Oscar Wilde and the Victorian era

II-Around the Picture of Dorian Gray

  1. The publication of the book.
  2. The Preface
  3. Wilde’s trials
  4. Wilde’s sources:

a-The Aesthetic movement

b-Art and Arts forms

c-Biblical references

d-Myths and legends

Faustus

Prometheus

Narcissus

e-The mirror image.

III- The structure of the book

IV-The function of the portrait

V-The main themes

SOME PASSAGES TO ILLUSTRATE THE TOPICS

VII-

a)How does Oscar Wilde embody the writer in his century?

b) How does Dorian Gray embody the hero and anti-hero?


THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

CHAPTER 1.

Chapter 1

  1. The first chapter sets the stage for the coming struggle between the artist Basil Hallward and decadent aristocrat Lord Henry Wotton over young Dorian Gray.Characterize the two older men.What seem to be their principles and lifestyles?
  2. What might Basil mean when he says he won’t exhibit his portrait of Dorian because he has “put too much of…[himself] in it”?What does Basil claim that art should be or do, and why does he appear to consider Dorian a threat to this claim?
  3. .Lord Henry has some curious views on marriage and on the masses (society).What are those views?What points does he make about the issues?


THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

CHAPTER 2

1.Where is the scene set now ?

2. What season is it? Pick out one detail relating to the beginning of Dorian’s story.

3. To what extent does this chapter refer to Dorian’s birth.

4. The circumstances.

a) How does Lord Henry play on Dorian’s vulnerability and manipulate him?

b) How does Dorian respond to Lord Henry’s seductiveideas throughout the chapter?

5. Which title is the most suitable for this chapter? Justify your choice.

a) Lord Henry’s speech to Dorian and Basil .

b) A revelation: Dorian Gray’s discovery of his own portrait.

c) Here is the portrait at last!

d) From innocence to experience

6. Show that the passage in which Dorian discovers his picture, is mainly based on contrast:

calm vs emotion/ movement vs motionlessness / Dorian’s inner world vs the outer world.

7.

a) Show the progression in Dorian’s discovery of his portrait: from Basil’s compliments to Dorian’s wish.

b) Explain why the discovery of his portrait came to him as a revelation.

8. Comment on Dorian’s narcissistic and emotional experience: his feelings, his awareness, his despondency (= abattement) and symbolical “death”.

9. Study the “Dr Faustus” contract: DG’s own logic and delirium

10. Back to reality.

a)How is the spell (= charme) broken?

b)Why does Dorian compare himself with a work of art?

c)What lessons has Dorian been taught in this scene?

Focus on the following words: beauty, youth, transient, be worth, sacrifice, soul, preserve oneself.Art vs life.

11. For what various reasonsis this chapter important? Refer to:

Dorian as a “new born” character

The impact of Dorian’s wish

The Dr Faustus theme.

Lord Henry Wotton’s role .

THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

READ CHAPTER 13 AND ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 13.

1.Where does DG lead basil to?

2.What does Basil discover?

3.Contrast Basil and Dorian’s reactions

4.What is the second key event?

5.How does DG react?

6.What is the third key event?

7.How does DG feel after he has done the deed?

8.How does he help himself out of this situation?

9.Guess what he needs Alan Campbell for.

ECHOES AND PARALLELISMS.

1.Show that this scene is the antithesis of the “portrait” scene in chapter 2, when Dg becomes aware of his beauty.

2.Find other echoes or “reversed images” between the two chapters

Refer to:

-the aesthetic point of view

-emotions and feelings

-reactions in front of the portrait

-the mirror leitmotiv

- DG’s wish

- reference to LHW

-the flower as a symbol.

A CLIMACTIC CHAPTER

1.Why is this chapter a turning point or climax in the story?

2.Show that Basil’s death removes the most serious threat to Dorian’s way of life.

3.Has Dorian any chance of redeeming ( =racheter) his soul now? Why or why not?

4.Compare this chapter with the chapters about Sibyl Vane’s death.

5.To what extent has DG been totally “poisoned” by the yellow book after all these years

6.What has become of his Carpe Diem ideology?

7.Why is Basil’s request to Dorian an essential ingredient in the Faustus theme?

Focus on:

Dorian’s despair

The combination of pride and despair

Forgiveness

DG’s (un) willingness to change his life

DG’s regret of his contract

His awareness and clear-mindedness ( = lucidité)

CHAPTER 13

SUMMARY

Dorian and Basil go up into the schoolroom. Basil notices how old and poorly kept the room is. Dorian tells him to pull aside the big curtain covering the painting and to take a look at his soul; Basil is shocked at this, so Dorian opens the curtain himself. Horrified at what has become of the painting, Basil can hardly believe that it is the same one. There is only a trace of Dorian's beauty in it; it is hideous, evil-looking, and old. Dorian reminds Basil of his wish to trade places with the painting. Basil, upon realizing that somehow this has truly happened, begs Dorian to pray for forgiveness, to reform and not to sin again: "The prayer of your pride has been answered. The prayer of your repentance will be answered also. I worshipped you too much. I am punished. You worshipped yourself too much. We are both punished." Chapter 13, pg. 178 Dorian refuses, and looks at Basil with a new hatred; he finds a knife, walks over to Basil, and stabs him repeatedly, killing him. It happens quickly, and when it is over he listens to several people on the street below. He exits the room, locking it behind him, and sets to find Basil's things so he can burn them. He reasons that there is no cause for alarm; everyone will think Basil is in Paris, and no one will think to question him.

Dorian rings for his new valet, Francis (Victor has gone away to France), and tells him to wake him at nine the next morning. He asks if anyone called while he was away, and Francis tells him that Mr. Hallward was there earlier, but left, saying he would try to find him at the club. Dorian thanks Francis, sends him away, and looks up Alan Campbell in the blue book.

CHAPTER 13.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=qF8LWvkmAp4

The three key events in chapter 13 build to a dramatic climax just as they might on the stage. The first event is the shocking unveiling of the portrait. Unlike LHW- and now- Dorian, Basil is relatively unassuming, decent man. He has come to see Dorian because he is genuinely concerned about his young friend who has built quite a chilling reputation for himself in the past 18 years. Basil wants to be told that the rumors about Dorian are wrong; his motivations for confronting Dorian are entirely selfless and honest. When he sees the painting, the sin it reveals leaves Basil shaken.

The second key event in Chapter 13 –Basil’s asking Dorian to absolve his sins- is an essential ingredient in the Faust theme. Realizing what has taken place with the portrait and Dorian’s life, and feeling some guilt for his own involvement, Basil pleads with Dorian to let go of his pride and pray for absolution. His concern for Dorian’s corrupted soul can be seen as the onlytruly good and pure act in the novel, and it provides a striking and tragic contrast to Dorian’s response: “ it is too late, Basil” and “ Those words mean nothing to me now”.

Typically the central figure in the Faust legend indulges in despair, feeling that his sin is great that he no longer can be saved. He cannot be saved because the combination of pride and despair keep him from seeking forgiveness. Dorian’s problem is essentially this, his un-willingness to ask for forgiveness. In addition, there is the question of whether Dorian even wants to change his life. He states that he does not know whether he regrets the wish that evidently made the contract.

At this point, the third important event of the chapter occurs. Dorian seems to receive some sort of message from the image on the canvas and is driven to murder his old friend. Basil’s death conveniently removes the most immediate and serious threat to Dorian’s way of life and his pact with the forces of evil. After the murder, he feels oddly calm and goes about the business of removing evidence and establishing an alibi.

In the coolness of Dorian’s actions after he kills Basil, the reader sees that Dorian has spoken at least a few truthful words during his corrupt life – his admission that it is too late to save his soul. Dorian kills the only friend he has, and with that, he kills the only chance he has to redeem his soul.

oscar wilde

THE WRITER IN HIS CENTURY

OSCAR WILDE AND THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/w/wilde/oscar/dorian/index.html


THE GENERAL BACKGROUND.

  1. Oscar Wilde and the Victorian era
  1. Around the Picture of Dorian Gray
  1. The publication of the book.
  2. The Preface
  3. Wilde’s trials
  4. Wilde’s sources:
  1. The Aesthetic movement
  2. Art and Arts forms
  3. Biblical references
  4. Myths and legends

Faustus

Prometheus

Narcissus

  1. The mirror image.

III- The structure of the book

IV-The function of the portrait

V-The main themes

SOME PASSAGES TO ILLUSTRATE THE TOPICS

VII-

a)How does Oscar Wilde embody the writer in his century?

b) How does Dorian Gray embody the hero and anti-hero?

Webquest Background info to The Picture of Dorian Gray

Each expert group will be responsible for finding and summarizing interesting information helpful in understanding the historical period, artistic and literary movements contemporary to the novel, main themes and characters .

The expert groups will then split and new groups will be formed containing one expert from each initial group who will explain and share his/her knowledge with the rest of the students in his /her new group (Cooperatvie Learning)

Webquest: General Web sites which may be useful for

Start with wikipedia

Then http://www.victorianweb.org

http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/doriangray/

http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides3/PictureOfDorian.html#Publication

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/victorian_britain/

Aesthetic Movement in Europe (Literature and Art) Dandy

http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/The-Picture-of-Dorian-Gray-Critical-Essays-Oscar-Wilde-s-Aesthetics.id-144,pageNum-330.html

Oscar Wilde’s London /living and working in Victorian London

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/victorianbritain/

Class and Women (rights/ duties and value of women in Victorian Britain ) class distinctions

http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/guide19/part10.html

http://www.fashion-era.com/the_victorian_era.htm

Faust / doppelganger ( living a double life)

http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/jekyll/

http://www.horror-wood.com/doriangray.htm

http://www.turksheadreview.com/library/notes-doriangray.html

Vice and Virtue ( Sex –drugs –crime) Victorian Hypocrisy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium_den

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_morality

Expert Group A Aesthetic Movement in Europe (Literature and Art)

How did the Aesthetic literary and artistic movement influence Oscar Wilde’s life and Dorian ‘s life,?

Are there points in common?

What is the PREFACE to The picture of Dorian Gray about? What does it tell us about art?

What’s a Dandy? Who was a Dandy? Who’s a Dandy today?

Differences between the Aesthetic Movement in France, GB, Italy?

Expert Group B Oscar Wilde’s London /living and working in Victorian London

What was the city like? (Environment, Housing, Pollution) City of contradictions- slums and suburbs

Where did people live and work? Which classes? Opportunities for lower classes and unemployed.

Education workhouses

Exploitation of unskilled workers, women and children. Class structure- poor law : Victorian values-

Expert Group C. Class and Women (rights/ duties and value of women in Victorian Britain ) class distinctions

Rights duties and Value of women , even according to class

How did women live, dress , get an education and job ?

Morality and Hypocrisy and double standards .

Why are women absent from the story; what role do Dorian’s mother/ Sybil / Lord Henry’s wife have?

Expert Group D. Faust / doppelganger ( living a double life)

Similarities between Faust and Dorian .Dorian as overreacher ( not content with human limits)

Differences (Knowledge vs eternal beauty/youth)

Evil Twin /Alter ego Similarity with Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Dorian’s double life typical of Victorian society

Wilde’s double life

Expert Group E Vice and Virtue ( Sex –drugs –crime) Victorian Hypocrisy

Explain Dorian’s fall into crime and perversion . Was it typical, Why was it so easy for him?

Double Standards / Victorian Hypocrisy

Wilde’s vices and virtues- his fall to disgrace

MEETING THE OTHER,LOVE AND FRIENDSHIP,THE COUPLE,THE DOUBLE.

How do these extracts from drama highlight love and friendship but also failed encounter and the different relationships between human beings?

WEBQUEST ABOUT THE ELIZABETHAN TIMES

http://zunal.com/process.php?w=179881

Click on "Process" and then in pairs focus on the theme chosen.

Each group will present what has been found to the others through a powerpoint or notes.


GETTING MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE ELIZABETHAN TIMES

https://prezi.com/bw7yvsscyrft/elizabethan-england-webquest/


DIRE STRAITS:ROMEO AND JULIET

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CRu2SWDtRA

DIRE STRAITS LYRICS

"Romeo And Juliet"

A lovestruck Romeo sings a streetsuss a serenade
Laying everybody low with a love song that he made
Finds a streetlight, steps out of the shade
Says something like, "You and me babe—how 'bout it?"

Juliet says, "Hey it's Romeo. You nearly gimme a heart attack"
He's underneath the window; she's singing, "Hey, la, my boyfriend's back.
You shouldn't come around here singing up at people like that.
Anyway what you gonna do about it?"

Juliet, the dice was loaded from the start
And I bet, then you exploded in my heart
And I forget, I forget the movie song
When you gonna realize it was just that the time was wrong, Juliet?

Come up on different streets, they both were streets of shame
Both dirty, both mean, yes, and the dream was just the same
And I dreamed your dream for you and now your dream is real
How can you look at me as if I was just another one of your deals?

When you can fall for chains of silver you can fall for chains of gold
You can fall for pretty strangers and the promises they hold
You promised me everything, you promised me thick and thin, yeah.
Now you just say, "Oh Romeo, yeah. You know, I used to have a scene with him."

Juliet, when we made love you used to cry
You said, "I love you like the stars above, I'll love you 'til I die."
There's a place for us, you know the movie song
When you gonna realize it was just that the time was wrong, Juliet?

I can't do the talks like they talk on the TV
And I can't do a love song like the way it's meant to be
I can't do everything but I'll do anything for you
I can't do anything except be in love with you

And all I do is miss you and the way we used to be
All I do is keep the beat, the bad company
All I do is kiss you through the bars of a rhyme
Julie, I'd do the stars with you any time

Juliet, when we made love you used to cry
You said, "I love you like the stars above, I'll love you 'til I die."
There's a place for us, you know the movie song
When you gonna realize it was just that the time was wrong, Juliet?

And a lovestruck Romeo sings a streetsuss a serenade
Laying everybody low with a love song that he made
Find a convenient streetlight, steps out of the shade
And says something like, "You and me babe—how 'bout it?"
"You and me babe—how about it?"

A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM.

SUMMARIES OF THE FIVE ACTS

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdcKPQY8b2U

THE WORLD OF IMAGINATION

Afin de vous préparer à l'épreuve de littérature , voici le rappel des idées clés pour les documents étudiés : notes, diaporamas. ci aprés.

THE WRITER IN HIS CENTURY

THE GREAT GATSBY AND THE ROARING TWENTIES

You'll find below several documents to help you comment on the Roaring Twenties, the Jazz Age,and the novel written by Fitzgerald.